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Green's Vibrant Legacy: A Colourful History

Updated: May 5, 2023

Have you ever wondered about the history of the colour green and how it came to hold such significant meanings in various cultures and societies? In this article, we'll explore the fascinating history of green, its associations and the perceptions surrounding this versatile colour. So, sit back, relax, and let's take a journey through time to discover the many shades of green!


The Egyptian Connection: The Colour of Life and Fertility

Did you know that the ancient Egyptians held green in high regard? They associated the colour with life, fertility, and rebirth. They even used green pigments in their paintings and jewellery, often made from malachite. Green was also the colour of Osiris, the Egyptian god of the underworld and resurrection.

Ancient Greece and Rome: Green as a Sign of Growth and Health

In ancient Greece and Rome, green was symbolic of growth and health. The Greeks believed that wearing a green gemstone, such as an emerald, could bring good fortune and even cure diseases. The Romans, on the other hand, associated green with Venus, the goddess of love and beauty.

The Middle Ages: The Colour of Nature, Medicine and Royalty

Green's association with health and healing continued into the Middle Ages. Healers and apothecaries often wore green robes as a sign of their profession. Herbal remedies, which played a significant role in medieval medicine, were also depicted as green in manuscripts and paintings.

During this period, green was a popular colour among the nobility. Royal garments were often made of green fabric, signifying wealth and status. In fact, green was so coveted that certain shades were reserved exclusively for members of the royal family.

The Modern Era: A Colour of Multiple Meanings

Today, green is inextricably linked with the environment and sustainability. The colour symbolises a commitment to preserving our planet and its resources, as seen in the rise of the global environmental movement and the adoption of the green flag by numerous eco-friendly organisations.


Green is associated with luck and prosperity mainly due to cultural beliefs and traditions. For example, in Irish folklore, leprechauns and four-leaf clovers are symbols of good luck and are often depicted in green. In many Asian cultures, green is considered a lucky colour that attracts wealth and abundance. The human eye is more sensitive to green wavelengths because of the biology of our eyes. The retina contains three types of cone cells, each responsible for detecting different wavelengths of light: red, green, and blue. The green cone cells are more sensitive and can detect a wider range of green wavelengths than the other cone cells, making green the most visible colour in the natural world. This sensitivity is also the reason why green is commonly used in safety applications, such as traffic lights and emergency exit signs.


The history of green is as diverse and fascinating as the colour itself. From ancient civilisations to modern-day environmental movements, green has been a symbol of life, fertility, health, and prosperity. Its widespread use and appeal are a testament to its versatility and enduring allure. As we continue to face environmental challenges, the colour green will likely remain a powerful symbol of our commitment to a sustainable future




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